Improved forestry in Nepal
Fuelwood is a major source of energy, it accounts for about 77 percent of the total energy demand in Nepal (WECS, 2010), and it is the rural population that are more dependent on fuelwood. Tourism in the region is also placing burden on energy consumption needs. The project will lead to improving forest connectivity, forest landscape restoration that will reinstate the habitat of many endangered wildlife. The increased flow of ecosystem services from the restored forested landscape will contribute to improving the livelihood of the local communities that depend on forest resources and the tourism industry as well.
Background of Project
Nepal’s Forest Reference Level has quantified the emission from deforestation and forest degradation and removals mainly from promotion of community managed forests. The annual emissions from deforestation for the country is estimated at 929,325 t CO2e/ year and from forest degradation the emission estimate is 408,500 t CO2e/year while afforestation contributes to around -151,077 tCO2e/yr removals (MoFSC, 2017). Emission from deforestation is six time higher than removal from afforestation.
Nearly a third of the population manage nearly a third of the forest in Nepal, making the grass root level community institutions for managing forest a global model for forest management. This proposed project works directly with these institutions that manage and conserve forest. The proposed project will be implemented in Province 1 and province 2 of Nepal to address the drivers of deforestation, forest degradation and unlock the potential for forest enhancement of carbon through improved forest management, restoration, afforestation/reforestation and agroforestry.
The benefits from the programme include improved biodiversity and habitats. It assures carbon sequestration in trees and soil. It creates development fund for livelihood and sustainable development programme for the community. The programme also addresses problems related to climate change and ecological habitats. The project encourages gender equality by providing increased income via sale of carbon credits.