Mangroove afforestation & restoration in India
Uttar Kannada,Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala
Ecological restoration of mangroves on a participatory basis with diverse mangrove species. Quantification and payment of compensation for the total carbon (above ground and belowground biomass, and sediments) stored in the mangroves restored by the selected VFCs. Developing an action plan for integrated coastal zone management for the implementation of specific site based conservation involving local communities and other stakeholders. Livelihood improvement through mangrove based aquaculture shrimps, crabs and fishes. Capacity strengthening of local communities by forming community organisations like village forest committees and involve them in restoration, preservation and forest governance processes.
Background of Project
Mangroves are one of the earth’s most important ecosystems and serve many critical functions: buffering coasts from storm surges, preventing coastal erosion, filtering water, storing carbon, serving as a vital habitat for a great number of species, and providing food and livelihoods for local communities. Fifty percent of the world’s mangroves have disappeared in the past 40 years, according to UNESCO, and continue to be destroyed and degraded by about 1% per year. At this rate, scientists predict that mangroves may be completely gone by the year 2100 unless action is taken now to protect and restore them.
The key focus area of this projects are Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala. Potential Area of Plantation is 200 hectares in each Location. Identification of the present and potential stakeholders is one of our first priority activities. All the priority stakeholders would be involved to make the entire process participatory. Different mangrove species would be considered for nursery raising and active planting. Strengthening of livelihoods of existing coastal communities through integration of climate smart adaptations.
The benefits from the programme include improved biodiversity and habitats. In addition it also improves food security by reducing danger of erosion and salt intrusion in low lying agricultural land due to rising sea level. It assures carbon sequestration in trees and soil. It creates development fund for livelihood and sustainable development programme for the community. There is also substantial increase in sea level resources thereby contributing to the livelihood of the local communities. It also aids in increased income for the community through sale of carbon credits.