The cloud forests of the East Khasi Hills are a globally important biodiversity region, and is home to a variety of species of flora and fauna, many of them endemic, rare or endangered.
The majority of forests in this region are community forests and are managed by their respective Hima, or kingdom, a form of indigenous government. The Hima, along with the Village Councils are responsible for the protection of the forests and allocation of its resources. Unsustainable extraction of forest resources coupled with the encroachment of land has led to the degradation of these forests. The project aims to conserve existing forests and restore degraded ones while addressing the drivers of degradation by facilitating alternative livelihood options and income generation activities as well as planning the sustainable extraction of forest resources. The project is wholly community-owned and managed through a federation of the Hima that are a part of the project area.