Sustainable agriculture in the northern central belt of India
Uttar Pradesh & Mandya Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are located in the Northern Central belt of India. These areas are subjected to water scarcity due to their geographical circumstances. The Bundelkhand districts in Uttar Pradesh are subjected to draught and purely depend on monsoons for cultivation. About 12,50,000 people are affected in this region. Agroforestry is anticipated in private lands and community lands for planting cover crops and Nitrogen fixing plants and trees.
Background of Project
Due to insecure irrigation system in these regions, crop production is very poor despite land availability; they also face problem with open grazing. The tribal farmers in this region have very little resource access for cultivation and are unaware of sustainable agriculture, whereas the resource rich farmers utilize high amount of fertilizers for their crop cultivation.
The implementation partner for this project is Haritika. The project encompasses the districts Chattarpur, Banswara, Mahoba, Bijawar, Datiya. The project area comprises of 55000 hectares and 125 villages. Species of interest for Agroforestry in this project are Mango, Aonla, Guava, Kinnu, Ber, Karonda, Bel, Anjeer, Banyan, Bamboo, Pipal, Neem and Lemon. Residential training will be provided on Community based organic farming techniques, zero tillage mulching, crop residue management, and Crop diversification through introduction of vegetable/millet cultivation.
The project supports capacity building and knowledge sharing. It enhances the income of the farmers from fruits and vegetable cultivation. Decreased use of nitrogenous fertilizers and fossil fuels for farm activities. Increased use of organic amendments in the soil (manure application/compost/residue incorporation/ mulching). Helps farmers to switch from conventional tillage to reduced/conservation tillage.