Climate Resilient Value Chain Development
India & Nepal
Climate change and its impacts are making farming a less predictable livelihood for mountain communities in the Hindukush Himalayan region; however income generation through value addition has the potential to mitigate this condition. There are certain high income, low volume crops which can be grown only in niche conditions, and adding value to them can make up for potential shortfalls. Large cardamom, one such crop can be grown only under specific conditions – hilly areas on marginal lands having gentle to medium slopes and loamy soil. In addition to providing an additional source of income, large cardamom cultivation also helps restore ecological health in areas where it is grown. Similarly, promoting the growth of indigenous crops such as Himalayan Mandua (Finger Millet), Jhangora (Barnyard Millet) and Chaulayi (Amaranthus), which are rich in micronutrients promotes in-situ conservation.
150 Self-Help Groups
of marginal farmers promotes reduction in income and gender inequalities by leading to increased socio-economic opportunities in India.
Training and capacity
building of farmers by HETONA in India.
Promoting an improved dryer model
that consumes less fuelwood and emits less carbon. Selecting crop varieties based on weather trends and using slashed pseudo-stems, weeds or leftover fodder residue with dung for mulching to conserve soil moisture in Nepal.
Improved water quality and management
Reduced chemical fertilizer and pesticide use leading to improved soil health in India.
Background of Project
For agricultural activities to be sustainable, they must be economically viable, socially responsible and ecologically sound. Realizing the need to promote optimum resource use and to increase profit margins of farmers in the Central Himalayan region of Uttarakhand and regions of Nepal, the project will aim at sensitizing farmers to undertake sustainable agriculture practices i.e. organic farming.
The project will address the issues of resource availability and control excessive use of harmful agricultural inputs for better soil health, less pesticide residues which lead to high nutrition value crops (Eg. cardamom and millets). A location specific approach towards selecting and implementing organic farming practices shall be followed.
Further, market linkages will be established to help farmers sell their sustainably grown produce – hence proving socio-economic support and security.
The PoP focuses on endorsing sustainable agricultural practices for farmers to increase the yield as well as improve the Himalayan ecosystem in India and Nepal by addressing water, agroforestry and soil nutrient issues etc. The creation of market linkages allows the farmers to have a steady source of income to improve their livelihood.
As a shade crop, cardamom cultivation along the mountainous region contributes to large scale carbon sequestration in the region, and with the value addition along the supply chain and increased yield – this climate-resilient value chain development of large cardamom improves the livelihood of mountain communities.