Climate change and its impacts are making farming a less predictable livelihood for mountain communities in the Hindukush Himalayan region. However, income generation through value addition has the potential to mitigate this condition. There are certain high income, low-volume crops which can be grown only in niche conditions, and adding value to them can make up for potential shortfalls. Large cardamom, one such crop can be grown only under specific conditions–hilly areas on marginal lands having gentle to medium slopes and loamy soil. Besides providing an additional source of income, large cardamom cultivation also helps restore ecological health in areas where it is grown. Similarly, promoting the growth of indigenous crops such as Himalayan Mandua (Finger Millet), Jhangora (Barnyard Millet) and Chaulayi (Amaranthus), which are rich in micronutrients, promotes in situ conservation.