Programme across India
VNV Advisory and GIZ is bringing together like-minded waste management start-ups under an umbrella programme (PoA) to address issues of asymmetries of participation especially, for small-scale project activities in key community-oriented areas and covering sectors such as the household and commercial waste. With rapid urbanisation, India is facing a massive waste management challenge. Promotion and installation of waste-to-compost and bio-methanation plants would reduce the amount of waste headed to landfill sites. Under the programme, the urban waste generated undergoes one or more of the following processes- segregation, composting, recycling, and generation of fuel for cooking and other applications. Bio-methanation as a solution for processing biodegradable waste also remains underexploited. It is believed that if we segregate biodegradable waste from the rest, it could reduce our country’s enormous waste management challenges by half.
Background of Project
Most recyclable waste ends up in a dump yard due to the lack of efficient waste management. Close to 60 million tonnes of municipal solid waste is generated per annum of which only a fraction is treated, while the rest is dumped into landfills. The key to efficient waste management is to ensure proper segregation of waste at source and to ensure that the waste is processed through various streams of recycling and resource recovery.
Currently, around 10 such green startups and social enterprises have declared intent to be part of the POA, across locations such as Bangalore, Hyderabad, Pune, New Delhi and Mumbai. A quantity of over 800-1000 tonnes of wet waste per day has been committed by participating companies. The waste sectors covered by these organisations include composting of wet waste, segregation and recycling of waste, and generation of cooking fuel from waste.
The programme has a multitude of benefits, foremost of which is the reduction in waste buried in landfills or burned in incinerators, thus avoiding GHG emissions, considerably. Indirectly, the programme contributes to the following SDGs: